Study of Micah


The book of Micah is named after the prophet Micah, whose name means, Who is like Jehovah?

Micah is regarded as the author of the entire prophecy. Since his father's name is not mentioned, it is likely that he was of humble origin. Micah was from Moresheth, near Gath about twenty miles west of Jerusalem. His preaching seems to have been preoccupied with the sufferings of the common people and of the peasants in the agricultural areas who were exploited by rich and unscrupulous men.

Micah was a contemporary of the earlier ministry of Isaiah and his career extended from the reign of Jotham (750-732) into the reign of Hezekiah (716-687). Nothing is known about his death.

Micah is the only minor prophet who addressed his messages to both Israel and Judah.

"The basic theme of Micah is that the necessary product of saving faith is social reform and practical holiness based upon the righteousness and sovereignty of God. Because of the general lack of such saving faith, both the Northern and Southern Kingdoms are destined to experience God's wrath. Yet after the punishment is over, the nation will be restored and the Messiah will eventually come" (Gleason L. Archer, A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, p. 311).

The following outline is found in Unger's Bible Dictionary, p. 726-727:

Part I. Prediction of Approaching Judgment, 1:1 - 2:13

a. Upon Samaria, 1:2-8

b. Upon Judah, 1:9-16

c. Upon cruel oppressors, 2:1-11

Part II. Prediction of the Messianic Kingdom, 3:1 - 5:15

a. Preliminary Judgements, 3:1-12

b. Description of the Kingdom, 4:1-5

c. Establishment of the Kingdom, 4:6-13

d. Rejection of the King at His First Coming, 5:1, 2

e. Interval between the royal rejection and return, 5:3

f. Messiah's Second Coming, 5:4-15

Part III. The Divine Controversy and Final Mercy, 6:1 - 7:20

a. The people's ingratitude and sin, 6:1-7:6

b. Prophetic intercession, 7:7-20